Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 enters primary human brain microvascular endothelial cells by a mechanism involving cell surface proteoglycans independent of lipid rafts
Pomerantz RJ, et al.Several studies have reported a crucial role for cholesterol-enriched membrane lipid rafts and cell-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs), a class of molecules that can localize in lipid rafts, in the entry of HIV-1 into permissive cells. Here, they examined the role of these cell surface moieties in HIV-1 entry into primary human brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMVECs), which represent an important HIV-1 central nervous system-based cell reservoir and a portal for neuroinvasion, and found that entry into BMVECs is fundamentally different from that of viral entry into T cells, in which lipid rafts, CD4, and probably HSPGs play important roles.
Journal of Virology
November 2003, 77(22), 12140-12151
—Posted: November 3, 2003
More journal headlines: This month | Last month | Search archive